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Introduce Vocabulary: Alphabears: An ABC Book (Hague)

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Lesson Type: Introduce
Grade: K, 1, 2, 3
Group Size: Small Group, Whole Class
Length: 20 minutes
Goal: After listening to a fiction read-aloud, students will know the meaning of three Tier Two vocabulary words.

Materials: Alphabears: An ABC Book (Hague) , board or chart paper

What to Do


Select three Tier Two vocabulary words to teach your students. A list of suggested words appears below. Write the vocabulary words on the board or on chart paper.


1. Introduce the story.

Today we are going to read a story entitled Alphabears: An ABC Book.

2. Introduce the three vocabulary words you have chosen.

Before we read the story, I want to introduce some new words that we will come across. Please repeat each word after I say it.

3. Read the story.

Let’s read the story. Make sure to listen for today’s vocabulary words and to think about how they are used in the story. If you hear a vocabulary word while I am reading, raise your hand.

4. Define key vocabulary words. See definitions below.

Let’s think about our vocabulary words. The word ______________ means ____________. Does anyone remember how this word was used in the text?

Call on students to answer the question. Then refer to the text to show how the word was used in context. Repeat this process for each vocabulary word.


Now let’s practice what we’ve learned.


Useless means no good or not worth anything. What's the word?

The lamp she found in the attic wouldn't turn on, so it was useless. If you don't know how to light a campfire or put up a tent, you might feel useless on the camping trip.

I'm going to list some items. If you think these items would be useless when you're riding a bike, say useless. Otherwise, don't say anything. Just sit quietly. Ready?

  • A helmet
  • A headlight
  • A television
  • A toothbrush
  • A mirror on the handle


Gruff means grumpy or bad-tempered. What's the word?

A person who didn't get enough sleep acts gruffly. If you're hungry and tired, you act gruffly when your brother or sister wants to play.

I'm going to name some situations. If you think someone is grumpy or bad-tempered, say gruff. Otherwise, don't say anything. Just sit quietly. Ready?

  • A teacher with a noisy class
  • A bear woken from hibernation
  • A daddy playing with his children
  • A lion eating its dinner
  • A bird singing in the tree


Mysterious means strange and unknown. What's the word?

A mysterious sound made me shiver with fear. You act mysteriously when you're keeping a secret.

I'm going to name some things. If you think these things are strange and unknown, say mysterious. Otherwise, don't say anything. Just sit quietly. Ready?

  • A sunny day
  • A baker making cakes
  • A child hiding something behind his back
  • A curious package on the front porch
  • A person wearing sunglasses and a wig


Soar means to glide with wings spread wide open. What's the word?

Raptors are birds that soar really well. When you pretend to be Superman, you open your arms and soar over the city.

I'm going to name some things you've seen fly. If these things glide with wings open, say soar. Otherwise, don't say anything. Just sit quietly. Ready?

  • A bumblebee
  • An eagle
  • A helicopter
  • A glider
  • A baby sparrow


For Advanced Students:

If time permits, have students create more examples for the vocabulary words.

For Struggling Students:

If time permits, have students record the words on a Vocabulary Discovery Chart or in a Word Journal.

For ELL Students:

In order to help ELL students learn the words, it may be helpful to use realia and/or to teach cognates.

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