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Introduce word families

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Activity Type: Introduce
Activity Form: Standard
Grade: 1
Group Size: Small Group, Whole Class
Length: 10 minutes
Materials: Print word cards here
Goal: Given a written word with the same rime as a known word, the student can say the new word ( knowing back - > "back", read sack -> "sack", black -> "black", etc. )
Items: -est, -ill

What to do

  1. Print or write word cards for words ending in -est (best, rest, vest, pest, west, chest, zest, nest, test) and -ill (fill, will, Jill, mill, hill, pill, grill, chill, spill, thrill). You can get more word suggestions and print index card-sized words here. Start with best and fill.
  2. Here's a word you know how to read. Sound it out with me: beeessst, best. Put best at the top of one column. Here's another word you know how to read. Sound it out too: fffiiilll, fill. Put fill at the top of a second column to the right of best.
  3. Now we're going to play a matching game. My turn first. Here's a new word. Show hill. Does this word have the same ending as the first word here? Hold hill below best. Or this word? Hold hill below fill. Hmmm. Hold hill below each of the other words again as you consider it. I think it has the same ending as this word, so I'm going to put it here. Place hill below fill. Do you agree?
  4. Now that I've matched the word, I read from the top of that list: fill, hill. They rhyme! Fill, hill. That's because they have the same letters at the end. Do you see? Point to the endings as you read the -ill words again.
  5. Okay, now it's your turn to play the matching game. Ready? Select another word card such as vest. Does this word have the same ending as this word or these words? Hold vest below each of the word columns in turn. Wait for students to agree. If a student does not answer, ask her what she thinks. Then put the word in the correct column.
  6. Now we read each word in that list: best, vest. They rhyme because they have the same ending.
  7. Continue with other -est and -ill word cards. Remember to have students read down the matching list each time.
  8. Watch for students who are struggling or not taking part. Call on a mix of several students, some who aren't correctly matching words and some who are. Make a note of students who continue to have trouble in an Activity Log.

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